About Mongolian Mountains
In Mongolia, there are 11 mountain peaks that towers over 4000 m and there are many other mountain peaks that are not yet climbed.
Overall, Mongolia offers a lot of uncovered mountain areas for adventurous mountaineers.
There are three major mountain chains in Mongolia: the Mongolian Altai Mountains, the Khangai Mountains (Khangain Nuruu), and the Khentii Mountains (Khentiin Nuruu). The Mongolian Altai in the west and southwest constitute the highest and the longest of these chains. Branching southeastward from the main Altai range at the northwestern border with Russia, the Mongolian Altai stretch southeastward for some 250 miles (400 km) along the Chinese border before turning slightly more eastward for another 450 miles (725 km) in southwestern Mongolia. The range, the only one in the country where contemporary glaciation has developed reaches an elevation of 14,350 feet (4,374 meters) at Khüiten Peak at the western tip of the country, Mongolia’s highest point. Extending eastward from the Mongolian Altai are the Gobi Altai Mountains (Govi Altain Nuruu), a lesser range of denuded hills that lose themselves in the expanses of the Gobi.
The Khangai Mountains, also lying from northwest to southeast, form a solid mountain mass near the center of the country. The range’s peaks reach some 12,000 feet (3,700 meters), with Otgontenger, the highest, rising to some 13,200 feet (4,025 meters) in the northwest. Characteristic of the Khangai are gentle slopes covered with fine pastureland. To the north the Eastern Sayan Mountains of Siberia lie along the border with Russia.
The alignment of the third mountain chain, the Khentii range of northeastern Mongolia, is southwest to northeast, extending into Siberia. The highest peak is Asraltkhairkhan, which reaches about 9,200 feet (2,800 meters), but, in general, maximum elevations are about 7,000 feet (2,130 meters). Ulaanbaatar lies at the southwestern edge of the range. The Da Hinggan (Greater Khingan) Range rises along and beyond the eastern frontier with China.
The Altai Mountains in Western Mongolia are a unique destination in Mongolia known for their Eagle Hunter culture yearly eagle festival as well as the mountain range with glaciers, ideal for hiking and trekking.